The Internet evolved from the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) communications network study started in the 1960s. In the 1970’s I wrote articles on Tyment and Telenet some of the first industrial enterprise networks preceding today’s Web. The Internet was born when the Internet Process Suite – Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol was standardized in the early 1980’s. Since that time it has evolved from a text-based university research network using VERONICA and ARCHIE Disk Operating System (DOS) based programs on a PERSONAL COMPUTER to the multi-media Internet we know today. Within the next decade the Internet will bring all communications on the planet.
To be section of the Internet a device must be physically connected to the Internet. This connection can be a real estate agent wire cable, optical fiber wire, wireless radio channel connection, a cellular wireless connection, infrared, or any type of other medium that can carry electronic transmissions (pulses of light or even electricity) in some form. The device is a computer, tablet, cell phone, or a few other device running programs that uses a hardware Interface to the Internet. Probably the most widely used interface on the planet is an Ethernet card found in virtually all computer systems. All Internet interface devices are assigned a number. This number is really a 48-bit (or possibly today a 64-bit) binary number burned permanently into the device. The number is called the Medium Access Control (MAC) address. One time I bought a very cheap Ethernet, card made somewhere in Asia that had a MAC address associated with 00-00-00-00-01-76. This was definitely a fake card not conforming MAC address specifications.
All internet communications make use of numbers. These numbers are Web Protocol (IP) addresses and not MAC PC addresses. Internet Protocol addresses are 32-bit numbers (and now furthermore 128-bit numbers) ranging from 0. zero. 0. 0 to 255. 255. 255. 255. They are assigned to some device when it connects to the Internet. IP addresses can change, but a tool tends to use the same address on its local network again and again regularly. IP addresses are leased in order to devices.
Some devices support World-Wide Web (WWW or W3) websites. The heart of the World-Wide Web is Hypertext documents that are linked together by hyperlinks – references in order to related information on other WWW web servers. The WWW was born n the first 1990’s. Prior to the WWW programs as well as other information was shared using bulletin board computers. A bulletin table computer was a computer that responded to the telephone and connected calling computer systems to programs and other information kept on its disk drive. This seemed like in a flash of two or three years bulletin board computers were changed by Web sites on the Internet and the WWW.
We find Internet sites using the site’s name. This name is translated directly into an IP address by a Website name Service (DNS) server. This is such as using a telephone book to look up the phone number of someone we wish to contact.
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The DNS server looks up the pathway to the IP address designated to the WWW server hosting the web site. Because IP addresses are software program assigned to Internet connected products they are readily organized hierarchically helping routing from one IP address to another and back. All Internet marketing communications uses IP addresses. MAC details being absolute are not used for Web routing, but are used for device diagnostics and identification.
Higher Internet transmission speeds have resulted in Internet content moving from simple text plus programs, to images, voice, plus video transmissions. Several years ago companies realized that movies and television would be distributed via such high-speed Internet marketing communications so they began buying movies as well as other content for future distribution. Right now Netfilx, HULU, and others are competing with video on demand to supply to households that are connected through high-speed channels to the Internet.
What do I mean by high-speed. The first computer marketing communications I used ran at three hundred bits per second. At that time it had been awesome. Soon the speed went to one, 200 bps, to 9, 600 bps and finally to 56 Kbps. All done over old technologies telephone lines. The 1, 200 bps speed was used to deliver my seminar notes to Digital Equipment Corporation using the MCI Email service. MCI Mail service would deliver same day for 10 dollars a laser printed document towards the sender. My course notes had been around 100 pages so the cost would be $99 for this quick delivery of laser printed docs. The only problem was at 1, 200 bps it took eight hours to upload the notes to MCI Mail. Further, MCI Mail never anticipated such a big message so my message crashed their Boston hub. The records did get through (for free) but not quite as I had envisioned.
Shortly the golden speed was the Telephone company T carrier speed of just one. 544 Mbps. This carried 24 simultaneous voice telephone calls or a lots of data. When I looked into this rate, it carried a $3, 500 installation cost and then an $800 per month ongoing cost. Within a season the dial-up communication speeds improved to 768 Kbps up to/3 Mbps down from the Internet. The 768 Kbps is an one half T transporter equivalent speed. The cost there was close to $100 per month. Today my Internet communication speed is 35 Mbps up and down and runs around $100 per month.
A streaming HDTV program requires about 1 . 544 Mbps communication speed. With newer compression algorithms, the speed could be lower. Our point here is that at 3 Mbps down from the Internet one or possibly two devices (TV or Computer) could view a video, but nowadays with 35 Mbps several gadgets (upstairs TV, kids TV, family room TV and computers) could all of be viewing videos at the same time. At home today this high-speed Internet hyperlink carries connections for computers delivering and receiving video, TV programming, sent telephone calls, tablets, and cell phones internet surfing or making calls. This particular increasing demand for Internet communications supporting voice, video and data services has kept the Internet marketing communications network in the United States as one of the top marketing communications networks and the largest national Web communication network on the planet.
It is also essential that the freedom of speech be unrestricted on the Internet. Web sites that espouse terror as a valid form of politics are abhorrent to me. However , having any Government control over the Internet is more abhorrent. When people are given unrestricted access to information, the tend to make decisions more for good rather than evil. Any limit of information, could lead to manipulation of the individuals on the planet. Manipulation for what purpose, political power. Political power is definitely addictive and it tends to be evil. Whenever one does not know better, one tends to blindly follow based upon the actual know.
This year televisions are now straight connecting to the Internet. It is apparent that the single communication network for the whole planet Earth will within a decade become the Internet. At that time the Internet will have all communications planet wide. Ideally it will fulfill the dreams and aspirations of its creators by becoming the entire world wide unrestricted information distribution device we all use in our daily lives.